How to beat the heat
27th Jun 2018
Yes, Summer is finally here! Most people are loving this hot weather, but when it’s too hot for too long there are some serous health risks; these include dehydration, overheating, heat exhaustion and heatstroke. So here are a few tips on what to look out for and how to stay safe in the heat.
Who is most at risk?
The heatwave can affect any one, but some people are at higher risk than others;
- Older people (over the age of 75);
- Babies and young children;
- People with serious chronic conditions;
- People using medication that affects their body temperature.
Level 1 alert: Be prepared
- Minimum alert;
- This is in place from June 1st – September 15th as these are the times that a heatwave is most likely to occur;
- Level 1 isn’t a worry, it just gives people a chance to prepare themselves/become aware of what to do if the level is raised to the next.
Level 2 alert: Heatwave is forecast
- The level is raised from 1 to 2 if it’s over 30C in the day and 15C at night;
- This is when the weather can start to have a serious effect on people’s health;
- To prepare for the heat wave make sure that you stay tuned to the weather forecast through radio, social media or newspaper,a dn if you’re travelling make sure that you check the forecast of your destination.
Level 3 alert: Heatwave is happening
- When the Met office detects heatwaves in one or more regions this becomes a level 3 alert;
- When level 3 alert is given make sure you follow preparation instructions given in level 2 alert.
Coping with hot weather:
- Shut windows and close curtains;
- Avoid going out into the sun, more specifically between 11am and 3pm because that’s when it’s hottest outside;
- Have cool baths/showers, splash yourself with cool water;
- Drink cold drinks regularly;
- Avoid drinking excess alcohol, caffeine, or drinks high in sugar;
- Make sure that you have enough food, water and any medications that you need;
- Wear loose, cool clothing, and a hat and sun glasses if you go outdoors;
- Check up on friends, relatives and neighbours who are less able to look after themselves.
Level 4 alert: Severe heatwave
- Raised when heatwave is prolonged and/or severe. It’s an emergency situation;
- At level 4 health risks can affect fit and healthy people, not just the higher risk groups;
- When it comes to a level 4 alert you should make sure to follow the instructions given in level 3.
If someone needs helps:
If someone looks like they will usually show signs of; breathlessness, confusion, intense thirst, dizziness etc. If you feel like they could be at risk, you could dial 111 or 999 depending on the severity of the person’s well being.
Although the weather so far this week has been lovely, you must make sure that you don’t get too excited and end up forgetting about making sure your health is not at risk. On a hot day if you’re going outdoors don’t forget the basics; sun hat, sun cream and sun glasses! If you follow the instructions on how to beat the heat you will be able to enjoy the sunshine without the worry of your health becoming endangered.